THE ROLE OF GRIT AS A MODERATOR IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN JOB INSECURITY AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT

Alice Salendu, Medisa Faradina Tania, Faizul Nizar Anuar

Abstract


Job insecurity has become a phenomenon that often occurs in pandemic situations. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between job insecurity and organizational commitment as a variable and at the level of dimension. In addition, this study explores the moderating role of grit on the relationship between job insecurity   and organizational commitment, especially during the pandemic which has an impact on many cases of layoffs. Participants were 200 employees who were obtained online using the method of convenience sampling. This research is quantitative, using measuring tools, namely the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire, Job Insecurity Measurement, and The Grit Scale. The data processing method used is the hierarchical multiple regression test. The results showed that there was no significant relationship between job insecurity and overall organizational commitment, also at the level of dimension such as affective organizational commitment, continuance organizational commitment, and normative organizational commitment. In addition, there was no significant moderating role of grit in the relationship between organizational commitment and job insecurity. This indicates that someone who has high job insecurity does not necessarily have an impact on reduced commitment to the organization.


Keywords


grit, job insecurity, organizational commitment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aldin, I. (2020). PHK dan Efisiensi Karyawan Melanda Perusahaan Publik, Ini Daftarnya - Katadata.co.id. diakses dari https://katadata.co.id/berita/2020/05/26/phk-dan-efisiensi-karyawan-melanda-perusahaan-publik-ini-daftarnya

Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology., 63, 1–18.

Bosman, J., Buitendach, J. H., & Laba, K. (2005). Job insecurity, burnout and organisational commitment among employees of a financial institution in Gauteng. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v31i4.210

Cheng, G. H. L., & Chan, D. K. S. (2008). Who suffers more from job insecurity? A meta-analytic review. Applied Psychology, 57(2), 272–303. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2007.00312.x

Colquitt, J. A., Lepine, J. A., & Wesson, M. (2012). Organizational Behavior: Improving Performance and Commitment in the Workplace (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.

De Cuyper, N., & De Witte, H. (2006). The impact of job insecurity and contract type on attitudes, well-being and behavioural reports: A psychological contract perspective. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 79(3), 395–409. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317905X53660

De Cuyper, N., Notelaers, G., & De Witte, H. (2009). Job Insecurity and Employability in Fixed-Term Contractors, Agency Workers, and Permanent Workers: Associations With Job Satisfaction and Affective Organizational Commitment. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14(2), 193–205. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014603

Duckworth, A. L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D., & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and Passion for Long-Term Goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1087–1101. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.92.6.1087

Hu, S., & Zuo, B. (2007). The moderating effect of leader-member exchange on the job insecurity- organizational commitment relationship. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, 252 VOLUME, 505–513. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-75494-9_61

Isna, T. (2020). Dampak Corona, 9 Perusahaan Ini PHK Ribuan Karyawan, No. 8 Anak Usaha Garuda Indonesia!. diakses dari https://www.wartaekonomi.co.id/read279518/dampak-corona-9-perusahaan-ini-phk-ribuan-karyawan-no-8-anak-usaha-garuda-indonesia

Kalyal, H. J., Berntson, E., Baraldi, S., Näswall, K., & Sverke, M. (2010). The moderating role of employability on the relationship between job insecurity and commitment to change. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 31(3), 327–344. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143831X09351214

King, A. L. (2017). Gritty Commitment : Are Gritty Employees More Committed ? (Grand Canyon University). Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1889190605?accountid=17242

Lazauskaite-Zabielske, J., Urbanaviciute, I., Vander Elst, T., & De Witte, H. (2019). Explaining the link between qualitative job insecurity and attitudes: The role of perceived overall justice. Baltic Journal of Management, 14(2), 330–344. https://doi.org/10.1108/BJM-08-2018-0293

Lee, S. H., & Jeong, D. Y. (2017). Job insecurity and turnover intention: Organizational commitment as mediator. Social Behavior and Personality, 45(4), 529–536. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.5865

Mathieu, J. E., & Zajac, D. M. (1990). A Review and meta-analysis of the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of organizational commitment. Psychological Bulletin, 108(2), 171–194. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.108.2.171

McGinley, S., & Mattila, A. S. (2019). Overcoming Job Insecurity: Examining Grit as a Predictor. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1177/1938965519877805

Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1991). A Three Component Conceptualization of Organizational Commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/1053-4822(91)90011-Z

Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1996). Affective, Continuance, and Normative Commitment to the Organization: An Examination of Construct Validity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 49(3), 252–276. https://doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1996.0043

Nisar, A., Butt, T. H., Abid, G., Farooqi, S., & Qazi, T. F. (2020). Impact of grit on voice behavior: mediating role of organizational commitment. Future Business Journal, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43093-020-00028-7

O’Neill, P., & Seva, P. (2013). The Development and validation of a new multidimensional job insecurity measure (JIM): An inductive methodology. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18(3), 338–349. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0033114

Pangat, A. (2013). Analisis Pengaruh Job Insecurity Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja dan Komitmen Organisasional serta Dampaknya Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Outsourcing PT Upaya Kelola Profitama. Ekonomi Dan Bisnis.

Rhoades, L., Eisenberger, R., & Armeli, S. (2001). Affective commitment to the organization: The contribution of perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(5), 825–836. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.86.5.825

Sandi, F. (2020). Duh! Pengusaha Mulai Tumbang: Tutup Hotel, Stop Produksi, PHK. Diakses dari https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/news/20200403105321-4-149571/duh-pengusaha-mulai-tumbang-tutup-hotel-stop-produksi-phk

Sari, W. (2013). Hubungan Job Insecurity Dan Komitmen Organisasi Pada Karyawan Outsourcing. Diakses dari http://repository.usd.ac.id/4910/2/099114091_full.pdf

Sora, B., Caballer, A., & Peiró, J. M. (2010). The consequences of job insecurity for employees: The moderator role of job dependence. International Labour Review. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1564-913X.2010.00075.x

Steers, R. M. (1977). Antecedents and outcomes of organizational commitment. Administrative Science Quarterly, 22(1), 46–56. https://doi.org/10.2307/2391745

Ugboro, I. O. (2003). Influence of Managerial Trust on Survivors’ Perceptions of Job Insecurity and Organizational Commitment in a Post Restructuring and Downsizing Environment. Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, 4(3), 230–253.

Widodo, W., & Chandrawaty, C. (2020). Assessing the effect of grit and employability on organizational commitment mediating by job involvement. Management Science Letters, 10(11), 2403–2410. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2020.4.011

Yousef, D. A. (1998). Satisfaction with job security as a predictor of organizational commitment and job performance in a multicultural environment. International Journal of Manpower, 19(3), 184–194. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437729810216694

Wursanto, I. (2003). Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Organisasi. Yogyakarta: Andi.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26486/psikologi.v23i2.1564

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Alice Salendu

Insight: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Indexed by

  ipiii.png 

Crossref logo Dimensions Google Scholar

View INSIGHT Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.