PROGRAM “MINDFUL PARENTING” UNTUK MENURUNKAN AFEK NEGATIF PADA IBU YANG MEMILIKI ANAK RETARDASI MENTAL

Martaria Rizky Rinaldi

Abstract


Mengasuh anak yang mengalami retardasi mental berhubungan dengan munculnya permasalahan fisik dan psikologis pada ibu. Hal ini meningkatkan munculnya afek negatif yang tinggi. Intervensi dengan berbasis mindfulness terbukti dapat membantu untuk meningkatkan kebahagiaan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh program “Mindful Parenting” untuk menurunkan afek negatif pada ibu yang memiliki anak retardasi mental. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain one-group pretest-posttest design. Pengukuran afek negatif dilakukan dengan menggunakan skala afek negatif. Program “Mindful Parenting” diikuti oleh sepuluh ibu yang memiliki anak retardasi mental. Partisipan mengikuti mengikuti delapan sesi program “Mindful parenting” dalam empat kali pertemuan. Analisis dengan menggunakan uji Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test menunjukkan hasil yang signifikan (Z= -2,312, p = 0,01). Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa program “Mindful Parenting” dalam penelitian ini terbukti dapat menurunkan afek negatif pada ibu yang memiliki anak dengan retardasi mental..


Keywords


afek negatif, mindfulness, mindful parenting, retardasi mental

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