• Denia Rahmayanthi Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Marisa Fransiska Moeliono Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Lenny Kendhawati



Covid-19, mental health, psychological distress, social disfunction


Since the end of 2019, the Covid-19 pandemic has been experienced in various countries, including Indonesia. The existence of measures to prevent the spread of the Covid-19 has an impact on physical activity and policies on implementing Distance Learning (PJJ) for students ranging from elementary school to college levels. The purpose of this study was to obtain an overview of the mental health of adolescents during the Covid-19 pandemic and the sociodemographic factors that influence adolescent mental health. The study involved 205 participants aged 15-18 years. The data were collected using a validated General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) self-assessment measurement tool in Indonesia. The results showed that 59.5% of adolescents experienced psychological problems in the form of psychological distress and social dysfunction. Girls and adolescents who experience changes in sleep hours have a greater tendency to experience psychological problems. So that during the pandemic, teenage girls need more attention than boys, sleep patterns also need to be considered so as not to have an impact on psychological distress and social dysfunction during the pandemic.


Altemus, M., Sarvaiya, N., & Neill Epperson, C. (2014). Sex differences in anxiety and depression clinical perspectives. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 35(3), 320–330.

Creswell JW. (2018). Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Method Approaches by John W. Creswell (

Drapeau, A., Marchand, A., & Beaulieu-Prévost. (2011). Mental Illnesses-Understanding, prediction and control: Epidemiology of psychological distres. National Population Health Survey ( NPHS).

Fegert, J. M., Vitiello, B., Plener, P. L., & Clemens, V. (2020). Challenges and burden of the Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic for child and adolescent mental health: A narrative review to highlight clinical and research needs in the acute phase and the long return to normality. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 14(1), 1–11.

Fitria, L., & Ifdil, I. (2020). Kecemasan remaja pada masa pandemi Covid -19. Jurnal EDUCATIO: Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 6(1), 1.

Gómez-Salgado, J., Andrés-Villas, M., Domínguez-Salas, S., Díaz-Milanés, D., & Ruiz-Frutos, C. (2020). Related health factors of psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(11).

Gosling, S. D., & Mason, W. (2015). Internet research in psychology. Annual Review of Psychology, 66(September 2014), 877–902.

Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan Covid-19. (2020). Peta Persebaran. Retrieved from Satgas Covid-19 website:

Gupta, R., Grover, S., Basu, A., Krishnan, V., Tripathi, A., Subramanyam, A., … Avasthi, A. (2020). Changes in sleep pattern and sleep quality during COVID-19 lockdown. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 62(4), 370.

Idaiani, S., & Suhardi, S. (2006). Validity and Reliability of the General Health Questionnaire for Psychological Distress and Social Dysfunction Screening in Community. Bulletin of Health Research, 34(4), 161–173. Retrieved from

Ko, C. H., Yen, C. F., Yen, J. Y., & Yang, M. J. (2006). Psychosocial impact among the public of the severe acute respiratory syndrome epidemic in Taiwan. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 60(4), 397–403.

Lee, J. (2020). Mental health effects of school closures during COVID-19. The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health, 4(6), 421.

Liang, L., Ren, H., Cao, R., Hu, Y., Qin, Z., Li, C., … Ministry, T. (2020). The Effect of COVID-19 on Youth Mental Health. Psychiatric Quarterly, (1163), 3–5.

Nurkholis. (2020). Dampak Pandemi Novel-Corona Virus Disiase ( Covid-19 ) Terhadap Psikologi Dan Pendidikan Serta Kebijakan Pemerintah. Pgsd, 6(1), 39–49. Retrieved from

Shultz, J. M., Baingana, F., & Neria, Y. (2015). The 2014 Ebola outbreak and mental health: Current status and recommended response. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 313(6), 567–568.

Sprang, G., & Silman, M. (2013). Posttraumatic stress disorder in parents and youth after health-related disasters. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 7(1), 105–110.

Stanghellini, G., & Ballerini, M. (2002). Dis-sociality: the phenomenological approach to social dysfunction in schizophrenia. World Psychiatry, 102–106.

Taha, S. A., Matheson, K., & Anisman, H. (2014). H1N1 Was Not All That Scary: Uncertainty and stressor appraisals predict anxiety related to a coming viral threat. Stress and Health, 30(2), 149–157.

Verma, R., Balraha, Y., & CS, G. (2011). Role of developmental and biological determinants. Ind Psychiatry J, 4–10.

WHO. (2004). Promoting mental health: concepts, emerging evidence, practice (Summary Report)le. In World Health Organization.

WHO. (2020). WHO Timeline - Covid -19. Retrieved from World Health Organization website:

Xiang, M., Zhang, Z., & Kuwahara, K. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on children and adolescents lifestyle behavior larger than expected. Prog Cardiovas Dis, 531–532.

Zaharah, Z., & Kirilova, G. I. (2020). Impact of Corona Virus Outbreak Towards Teaching and Learning Activities in Indonesia. SALAM: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-I, 7(3).