• Sheila Marchelina Tanoko Universitas Surabaya



self-esteem, depresi, meta-analisis


Penelitian ini adalah penelitian meta-analisis dengan tujuan untuk melihat korelasi antara self-esteem dan depresi. Penelitian ini melibatkan 15 jurnal penelitian dengan total partisipan sebanyak 13.134, yang dianalisis menggunakan website Meta-mar (Free Online Meta-Analysis Service) yang berdasarkan pada jumlah partisipan (N) dan nilai korelasi antar variabel (r). Hasil analisis menunjukkan nilai effect size sebesar -0,57 (95%CI = -0,473 sampai -0,446, p = 0,0) dengan nilai inconsistency (I2) adalah 97,3%. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa self-esteem dan depresi berkorelasi negatif dan termasuk dalam kategori large effect size. Korelasi negatif antara self-esteem dan depresi ini menunjukkan bahwa ketika self-esteem tinggi maka tingkat depresi menurun dan sebaliknya. Adanya korelasi antara self-esteem dan depresi baik pada partisipan dengan usia anak-anak, remaja, maupun dewasa menunjukkan pentingnya self-esteem bagi kesehatan psikologis seseorang.



American Psychological Association. (2008). Reporting standards for research in psychology: Why do we need them? What might they be?. American Psychologist, 63(9), 839-851.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders V (DSM-V). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Bajaj, B., Robins, R. W., & Pande, N. (2016). Mediating role of self-esteem on the relationship between mindfulness, anxiety, and depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 127-131.

Beck, A. T., & Alford, B. A. (2009). Depression: Causes and treatment 2nd edition. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Borenstein, M., Hedges, L. V., Higgins, J. P., & Rothstein, H. R. (2009). Introduction to Meta-Analysis. United Kingdom: TJ International.

Chen, S. J., Chiu, C. H., & Huang, C. (2013). Self-esteem and depression in a Taiwanese population: A meta-analysis. Social Behavior and Personality, 41(4), 577-586.

Chen, J. K., & Wei, H. S. (2011). The impact of school violence on self-esteem and depression among Taiwanese junior high school students. Social Indicators Research, 100(3), 479-498.

Crisp, D., Griffiths, K., Mackinnon, A., Bennett, K., & Christensen, H. (2014). An online intervention for reducing depressive symptoms: Secondary benefits for self-esteem, empowerment and quality of life. Psychiatry Research, 216(1), 60–66.

Duru, E., Balkis, M., & Turkogan, T. (2019). Relational violence, social support, self-esteem, depression and anxiety: A moderated mediation model. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(9), 2404-2414.

Galderisi, S., Heinz, A, Kastrup, M., Beezhold, J., & Sartorius, N. (2015). Toward a new definition of mental health. World Psychiatry, 14(2), 231-233.

Gardner, A. A., & Lambert, C. A. (2019). Examining the interplay of self-esteem, trait-emotional intelligence, and age with depression across adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 71, 162-166.

Han, J. W., & Lee, H. (2020). The effects of hardcore smokers’ depression and self-esteem on daily smoking amount. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 34(3), 149-158.

He, Q., Li, X., Ouyang, Y., & Wu, Q. (2019). An analysis of the correlation between marital adjustment test and self-esteem and depression in Chinese infertile women. Fertility and Sterility, 112(3), e381-e382.

Hidalgo, J. L-T., Bravo, B. N., Martinez, I. P., Pretel, F. A., Postigo, J. M. L., & Rabadan, F. E. (2010). Psychological well-being, assessment tools and related factors. In I. E. Wells (Ed.), Psychological well-being (pp. 77-113). NY: Nova Science.

Higgins, J. P., Thompson, S. G., Deeks, J. J., & Altman, D. G. (2003). Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses. Bmj, 327(7414), 557-560.

James, S. L., Abate, D., Abate, K. H., Abay, S. M., Abbafati, C., Abbasi, N., … Murray, C. J. L. (2018). Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 Diseases and Injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. The Lancet, 392(10159), 1789–1858.

Jang, J. M., Park, J. I., Oh, K. Y., Lee, K. H., Kim, M. S., Yoon, M. S., … Chung, Y. C. (2014). Predictors of suicidal ideation in a community sample: Roles of anger, self-esteem, and depression. Psychiatry Research, 216(1), 74-81.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2019). InfoDATIN: Situasi Kesehatan Jiwa di Indonesia. Retrieved from Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia:

Kim, H. S., & Moore, M. T. (2018). Symptoms of depression and the discrepancy between implicit and explicit self-esteem. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 63, 1–5.

Kring, A., Johnson, S., Davison, G. C., & Neale, J. M. (2012). Abnormal psychology 12th edition. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Lin, C. C. (2015). Gratitude and depression in young adults: The mediating role of self-esteem and well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 87, 30-34.

Michalak, J., Teismann, T., Heidenreich, T., Ströhle, G., & Vocks, S. (2011). Buffering low self-esteem: The effect of mindful acceptance on the relationship between self-esteem and depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(5), 751-754.

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., Altman, D., Antes, G., … Tugwell, P. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: The PRISMA statement. PLoS Medicine, 6(7).

Moreno-Peral, P., Bellón, J. Ã., Huibers, M. J. H., Mestre, J. M., García-López, L. J., Taubner, S., … Conejo-Cerón, S. (2020). Mediators in psychological and psychoeducational interventions for the prevention of depression and anxiety. A systematic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 76, 101813.

Morton, L., Roach, L., Reid, H., & Stewart, S. H. (2012). An evaluation of a CBT group for women with low self-esteem. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 40(2), 221–225.

Myers, D. G. (2013). Social Psychology 11th edition. NY: McGraw Hill.

Orth, U., & Robins, R. W. (2013). Understanding the link between low self-esteem and depression. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(6), 455-460.

Petrocchi, N., Dentale, F., & Gilbert, P. (2019). Self-reassurance, not self-esteem, serves as a buffer between self-criticism and depressive symptoms. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 92(3), 394–406.

Steiger, A. E., Fend, H. A., & Allemand, M. (2015). Testing the vulnerability and scar models of self-esteem and depressive symptoms from adolescence to middle adulthood and across generations. Developmental Psychology, 51(2), 236–247.

Vally, Z. (2019). Generalized problematic Internet use, depression, and explicit self-esteem: Evidence from the United Arab Emirates. Neurology Psychiatry and Brain Research, 33, 93–100.

Wahid, S. S., Ottman, K., Hudhud, R., Gautam, K., Fisher, H. L., Kieling, C., … Kohrt, B. A. (2021). Identifying risk factors and detection strategies for adolescent depression in diverse global settings: A Delphi consensus study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 279, 66–74.

Wang, X., Gao, L., Yang, J., Zhao, F., & Wang, P. (2019). Parental phubbing and adolescents’ depressive symptoms: Self-esteem and perceived social support as moderators. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 49(2), 427-437.

Wang, X., Wang, W., Xie, X., Wang, P., Wang, Y., Nie, J., & Lei, L. (2018). Self-esteem and depression among Chinese adults: A moderated mediation model of relationship satisfaction and positive affect. Personality and Individual Differences, 135(59), 121–127.

Wang, P., Wang, X., Wu, Y., Xie, X., Wang, X., Zhao, F., … Lei, L.

(2018). Social networking sites addiction and adolescent depression: A moderated mediation model of rumination and self-esteem. Personality and Individual Differences, 127(59), 162–167.

Wegener, I., Geiser, F., Alfter, S., Mierke, J., Imbierowicz, K., Kleiman, A., … Conrad, R. (2015). Changes of explicitly and implicitly measured self-esteem in the treatment of major depression: Evidence for implicit self-esteem compensation. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 58, 57–67.

Weiten, W. (2013). Psychology: Themes and variations 9 ed. CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Woods, H. C., & Scott, H. (2016). #Sleepyteens: Social media use in adolescence is associated with poor sleep quality, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem. Journal of Adolescence, 51, 41–49.

Wu, Y., Lei, P., Ye, R., Sunil, T. S., & Zhou, H. (2019). Prevalence and risk factors of depression in middle-aged and older adults in urban and rural areas in China: A cross-sectional study. The Lancet, 394, S53.

Xie, X., Tang, X., Rapp, H., Tong, D., & Wang, P. (2020). Does forgiveness alleviate depression after being phubbed for emerging adults? The mediating role of self-esteem. Computers in Human Behavior, 109, 106362.