The Effectiveness Of Scraps-Made Realia For Teaching Speaking For The First Graders (An Experimental Study Conducted At SD 1 PEDES)

Antika Septiana Puji Lestari, Agustinus Hary Setyawan


There were many students that had problem in their speaking ability. Based on the problem, this research aims to: (1)
Find out the result of students’ learning speaking by using scraps-made realia; (2) Find out the result of students’
learning speaking without using scraps-made realia; (3) Define the students’ achievement in learning speaking by
using scraps-made realia. This research involved class 1A and class 1B of SD 1 Pedes which have 44 students for each
class. The researcher used pre-test and post-test to analyze the students’ achievement in speaking skill. It was found
that the mean of pre-test was 50 while the mean of post-test was 77,27. The obtained data of the t-test result was
27,447. It means that t-test was higher than t-table (27,447 > 2,018). It means that the post-test was higher than pretest.
In conclusion, the finding of this research showed that teaching speaking by using scraps-made realia was
effective to teach speaking skill. Hence, the researcher suggested to use scraps-made realia as alternative media in
teaching speaking.


Speaking; Realia; Scraps; Experimental

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