The analysis of errors of omission in english narrative composition made by EFL students

Paramita Kusumawardhani


This research was done to investigate kinds of errors of omission, classify them, explain the characteristics of the errors and evaluate the errors produced by the English foreign learners. Errors of omission could happen because the learners were still lack of form or grammar that is supposed to have in the sentence but the learners omit it. Writing is the most difficult skill in learning English as what is spoken is different with what is written. The writing skills are complex and certainly difficult to teach, requiring not only of grammatical and theoretical devises but also conceptual and judgmental elements. The research was done by using descriptive method and the data were collected from 20 English Foreign Learners' English Narrative Composition. The results found in the learners' English narrative composition are Omission of "Of" for about 5 errors or 25%, Omission of "Auxiliary" for about 3 errors or 15%, Omission of "Articles" for about 3 errors or 15%, Omission of "Countable and Uncountable Nouns" for about 4 errors or 20%, Omission of "Apostrophe's" for about 3 errors or 15% and Omission of "Preposition" for about 2 errors or 10%.


Error Analysis, Errors of Omission, English Narrative Composition, EFL

Full Text:



Abushihab, I. (2014). An Analysis of Grammatical Errors in Writing Made by Turkish Learners of English as a Foreign Language. International Journal of Linguistics, 6(4), pp. 213-223. DOI: 10.5296/ijl.v6i4.6190.

Alamargot, Dennis and Fayol, Michel. (2010). Modelling Development of Written Composition. Journal of Second Language Writing. 23-47.

Best, John, W. (1974). Research in Education. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Corder, S. P. (1967). The Significance of Learner’s Errors. International Review of Applied Linguistics. Pp. 160-170.

Corder, S. P. (1971). Error Analysis and Interlanguage. Hongkong: Oxford University Press.

Crystal, David. (2011). A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. USA: Cambridge University Press.

Dougal, Mc. (2008). Little English. USA: Cambridge University Press.

Dulay, Heidi. (1982). Language Two. New York: Oxford University Press.

Echols, John M. and Hassan Shadily. (2006). Kamus Inggris Indonesia. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia.

Ellis, R. (1996). The Study of Second Language Acquistion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fries, C.C. (1945). Teaching and Learning English as a Foreign Language. Michigan: University of Michigan.

Gass, S. & Selinker, L. (2001). Second Language Acquisition: An Introductory Course. Lawrence: Erbaum.

Heaton, J.B. (1988). Writing English Language Tests. New York: Longman Group.

Hendrickson, J. M. (1979). Error Analysis and Error Correction in Language Teaching. Singapore: SEAMO RECL.

Hornby, AS. (2006). Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hourani, T. M. (2008). An Analysis of the Common Grammatical Errors in the English Writing Made by 3rd Male Secondary Students in the Eastern Coast of the UAE, Dissertation, Institute of Education, British University in Dubai.

Lado, J. (1957). Linguistics across Culture. Michigan: University of Michigan Press.

Mourtaga, K. R. (2004). Investigating Writing Problems among Palestinian Students: Studying English as a Foreign Language. Indiana: Author House.

Mousapour, Giti. (2011). A Study of EFL Learners’ Writing Skill. Intenational Journal of English Linguistics. Pp. 299-307.

Nonkukhetkhong, K. (2013). Grammatical Error Analysis of the First Year English Major Students, Udon Thani Rajabhat University. The Asian Conference on Language Learning, pp. 117-126.

Richard, Jack C. (1974). Error Analysis A Non Contrastive Approach to Error Analysis. London: Longman Group.

Richard, et al. (1985). Longman Dictionary of Applied Linguistics. Essex: Longman Group Limited.

Richards, J. C. & Sampson, G. P. (1974). The Study of Learner English. Reprinted in J. C. Richards. (Ed.) (1994). Error Analysis. Perspective on Second Language Acquisition. (13th ed). London: Longman.

Ron, White, and Valerie Ardnt. (2011). Process Writing. London: Longman Group.

Russel, J., & Spada, N. (2006). The Effectiveness of Corrective Feedback for the Acquisition of L2 Grammar. In Norris and Ortega (006) (Ed.) Synthesizing Research on Language Learning and Teaching. Hawi: John Benjamins.

Selinker, L. (1972). Interlanguage, IRAL: International Review of Applied Linguistics, 10. Connor, U. (1996). Contrastive Rhetorics. USA: Oxford University Press.

Wishon, George E., and Julia M. Burks. (2010). Let’s Write English. New York: American Book Company.

Yuksel, G. (2007). Grammatical Errors in the Compositions Written by Turkish Learners of English, Master Thesis. Erzrum: Ataturk University.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1362 times
PDF - 1166 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright of  JELE (Journal of English Language and Education), ISSN 2541-6421 (online)ISSN 2460-7142 (print) Gedung LPPM Universitas Mercu Buana Yogyakarta

Kampus I  : Jl. Wates Km. 10 Yogyakarta 55753. Telp: 0274-6498212, 6498211, Fax. 0274-6498213 

Email: [email protected]


tumblr counter
Jele View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.