The Use of Recast in Teaching of Grammar for High and Low Achievers (The Case of Spoken Use of English by the Tenth Graders of Nahdhatul Ulama Vocational High School of Ungaran

Olyvia Revalita Candraloka

Abstract


The goals of this study were (1) to find out the effectiveness of recast in teaching
of grammar for high achievers, (2) to find out the effectiveness of recast in teaching of
grammar for low achievers, (3) to find out the effectiveness of clarification request in
teaching of grammar for high achievers, (4) to find out the effectiveness of clarification
request in teaching of grammar for low achievers, (5) to find out the difference of
grammar of high and low achievers taught using recast, (6) to find out the difference of
grammar of high and low achievers taught using clarification request, and the last (7)
to explain to what extent the interaction of teaching strategy (recast and clarification
request) and the influence of students’ achievements (high and low) to the students’
grammar at the tenth grade of SMK NU Ungaran is. This research applies a
quantitative method with a factorial design. The experiment class was treated by using
recast, while the control class was treated by using clarification request. The studied
subjects were 48 students of grade ten of Nahdhatul Ulama vocational high school of
Ungaran which consists of 24 students of an experiment class and 24 students of a
control class. The results of the research revealed (1) recast is effective to teach
grammar for high achievers,(2 recast is effective to teach grammar for low achievers,
(3) clarification request is effective to teach grammar for high achievers,(4) clarification
request is not effective to teach grammar for low achievers, (5) there is no significant
difference between high and low achievers on grammar taught by using recast, (6)
there is significant difference between high and low achievers on grammar taught by
using clarification request, (7) there is significant interaction of teaching strategy
(recast and clarification request) and types of students of achievement (high and low) to
the students’ grammar at the tenth grade of Nahdhatul Ulama vocational high school of
Ungaran.
Keywords : Achievement, Grammar, Recast

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26486/jele.v1i2.165

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