Pembelajaran musik berbasis Kodaly terhadap kemampuan interaksi sosial pada anak autisme: Sebuah studi literatur


  • Zefanya Lintang Nugrahaningsih Universitas Mercu Buana Yogyakarta


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh metode Kodaly terhadap kemampuan interaksi
sosial pada anak autisme. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah studi literature yang dilakukan melalui
pencarian dan pengumpulan referensi teori dan dilanjutkan dengan menganalisisnya. Ada 30 studi terdahulu
dari tahun 2010-2022 melalui google scholar yang mendeskripsikan tentang penerapan metode Kodaly bagi
anak-anak dan anak berkebutuhan khusus untuk mengembangkan kemampuan akademik dibidang musik
serta meningkatkan kemampuan dalam bidang interaksi sosial. Kesimpulan dari telaah beberapa artikel
adalah kemampuan interaksi sosial anak autism meningkat dikarenakan anak dapat belajar bagaimana
terlibat dalam pengaturan kelompok melalui kegiatan musik, termasuk kegiatan menyanyi, musik rakyat,
dan pembelajaran solfge. Kegiatan menyanyi meliputi menyanyi individu/kelompok, menyanyi dengan
gerak, dan menyanyi dengan alat musik. Semua perlakuan ini memotivasi anak-anak untuk belajar
tentang kegiatan sosial seperti menyapa, berbagi perhatian/niat, dan berpartisipasi dalam pengaturan


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